"I think that in
Xie, who studies interaction between the ocean and atmosphere, said the Biden administration may tackle the problem through economic changes, such as withdrawing subsidies to fossil fuel industries, and directing them to solar or wind power systems. And it could seek engineering solutions, such as better battery storage for solar energy, and more efficient power grid distribution. Both of those could offer opportunities to
Investment in analyzing and forecasting climate change is also crucial, he said. Long-term research funding would enable the next generation of scientists, such as those studying at Scripps Oceanography, to think big on the topic of climate solutions.
"The younger generation of scientists deserve to have such support that will allow them to look beyond today, to what they might be able to do in a decade, or two decades," he said.
Xie said the COVID-19 pandemic has sharpened awareness of the existential threats we face, and reinforced the role of science in curing global ills.
"I think the vaccine (development during) the pandemic just shows that people can rise to the occasion if they have to," he said. "So I really hope climate change is the next thing we're going to inspire."
"It's clear that they've said they do support the rights of cities and states to file these lawsuits," he said.
Biden's pledge to re-enter the Paris Climate Agreement can also open doors for tackling carbon emissions and other pollution at the border, where heavy vehicles line up idling for miles, Dedina said.
Dedina is also hopeful that the new administration will wrap climate adaptation into broader infrastructure measures, and include funding for efforts such as shoring up coastal areas that are subject to flooding.
"By focusing on infrastructure and adaptation, it can really be a win-win for our economy and our environment," he said.
Chief Sustainability Officer
Some of that support could be financial subsidies or incentives, she said. As the city upgrades aging coastal infrastructure and reinforces it to withstand greater flooding, it would be useful to access matching federal funds, she said. Tax credits for renewable energy development can also speed along improvements in the energy sector. And
But even policy changes that aren't tied to specific funding increases would be helpful, she said. Setting federal standards for local climate action plans can help cities better compare and measure their progress, and a consistent national policy can help the
"It's going to also put us on better footing internationally, and allow us to share ideas with other countries," she said. "That's another way we can be a leader in the world, is to raise our own standards, so we bring something to the table for the international arena."
"The main thing I would like to see from the Biden administration is that they have a comprehensive vision that doesn't try to address these things in silos, but integrates how they're investing in climate solutions, and how they're addressing environmental and racial justice and recovery from COVID-19," Disenhouse said.
"Everybody knows we need more affordable housing in
The ocean has absorbed 90 percent of the warming that has occurred on the Earth over the last 50 years, mediating climate change impacts on land, according to the
"It's a really important time series to understand how the ecosystem is changing over time, and how climate change is affecting the
As Biden convenes his administration, scientists at Scripps and other research institutions are ready to help confront climate change, she said.
"I'm really hoping that with this administration, that science will have a front seat at the table," Gallo said.
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