More than four years after it was first announced, Genworth Financial Inc.'s plan to sell itself to a China-based investment company is officially dead.
The Henrico County-based insurance giant said Tuesday it has terminated its merger agreement with China Oceanwide Holdings Group Co. Ltd., a Beijing-based company that agreed in October 2016 to buy Genworth for about $2.7 billion, or $5.43 per share in cash.
The deal subsequently got tied up in years of government regulatory reviews in the United States and Canada, forcing Genworth and China Oceanwide to delay the completion of the merger 17 times.
Genworth ultimately cleared all the U.S. federal and state regulatory hurdles and sold its Canadian subsidiary to avoid continued delays in government approval there.
However, China Oceanwide was unable to come up with a financing package to complete the acquisition late last year. The companies blamed that partly on disruptions caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
The termination of the merger agreement comes three months after the companies announced in early January that they had put the deal on indefinite hold, although both companies said at the time that they might still be able to complete the merger if the business environment improved.
Terminating the deal will allow the Fortune 500 company to pursue its revised strategic plan without restrictions, Genworth said.
When the acquisition was put on indefinite hold in January, Genworth said it would pursue other strategic options to help the company pay off about $1 billion in debt that the company owes this year. That revised strategic plan includes a potential partial initial public offering of its stock for its U.S. mortgage insurance business.
China Oceanwide and Genworth also will continue to explore potential opportunities to bring long-term care insurance and other similar products to the Chinese insurance market in the future.
Tom McInerney, Genworth's president and chief executive officer, said Tuesday it was "necessary and appropriate at this stage to terminate the transaction," but he held out the possibility that Genworth might still work with China Oceanwide to find a new market for long-term care insurance in China.
"Both parties believe there are significant, compelling opportunities to address critical societal needs outside of the U.S.," he said.
Genworth, a seller of home mortgage insurance and long-term care insurance, has thousands of employees in Virginia, mainly in the Richmond region and in Lynchburg.
Genworth has faced numerous business challenges over the past decade, first struggling to recover from the housing market collapse and Great Recession of 2007 to 2009, which hurt its home mortgage insurance business that covers defaults on home loans.
While that business has made a recovery, Genworth also has faced losses in its long-term care insurance business, which provides insurance for nursing home and at-home care. With costs for nursing care increasing, the company has responded by upping its premiums for long-term care insurance.
With the company's stock value still well below where it stood before the economic recession more than 10 years ago, Genworth's executives and board members have long defended the planned acquisition by China Oceanwide as the "best option" to provide value for the company's shareholders and potentially open a new market for its insurance products in China.
Shares in Genworth rose 3 cents, or 0.86%, to close at $3.51. The termination news was issued after the market closed.
"Genworth's board of directors has concluded that Oceanwide will be unable to close the proposed transaction within a reasonable time frame and that greater clarity about Genworth's future is needed now in order for the company to execute its plans to maximize shareholder value," James Riepe, the non-executive chairman of Genworth's board, said in a statement on Tuesday.
"Thus, the board decided to terminate the Oceanwide merger agreement," Riepe said "Although disappointed after more than four years of efforts, I want to especially thank our shareholders, regulators, policyholders, customers and employees, for their patience and support as we all persevered through an especially long and arduous cross-border approval process."
Riepe is among three Genworth directors who have announced they plan to retire from the company's board following its annual meeting of shareholders scheduled for May 20. Genworth has announced three new members of the board.
The failure of the acquisition already has led to job cuts at Genworth. In late January, the company disclosed that it was laying off 95 employees from its corporate headquarters operations in Henrico.
1871: The Life Insurance Company of Virginia, known as Life of Virginia, was started by two dozen investors in Petersburg and offered its first policies to local customers. The company later expanded and moved its headquarters to Richmond.
1927: The company expanded its portfolio to include annuities.
1961: The company added mortgage insurance to its insurance offerings.
1967: Richmond Corp. was created to serve as a holding company for Life of Virginia and Lawyers Title Insurance Corp.
1974: The company started offering long-term care insurance policies.
1977: Richmond Corp. was sold to the Continental Group Inc. for $370 million to form the Richmond Co., later known as Continental Financial Services Co.
1984: Richmond-based Universal Leaf Tobacco Co. Inc. acquired Lawyers Title from Continental Financial Services for $115 million. Universal Corp. spun off Lawyers Title as an independent business in 1991.
1986: Combined Insurance, a holding company based in Chicago, bought Life of Virginia for $557 million and became AON Corp. the following year.
1996: GE Capital, the financial services unit of General Electric, announced plans to buy most AON Corp.'s life insurance business, including Life of Virginia. Under GE Capital, Life of Virginia became part of GE Financial Assurance Holdings Inc., before becoming GE Capital Assurance Co.
1997: GE Financial Assurance moved its headquarters from Stamford, Conn., to the Brookfield office complex in western Henrico County.
October 2003: Genworth Financial was formed by the joining of several GE Capital insurance companies.
May 2004: Genworth went public on the New York Stock Exchange in a $2.8 billion initial public offering at $19.50 per share. Michael D. Fraizer, former chairman, president, and CEO of GE Financial Assurance, becomes Genworth's chairman, president and CEO.
2008: Genworth reports $572 million in losses for the year as the housing market collapse forces it to make huge payouts in its mortgage insurance business, while a stock market decline hurt its investments, pushing down the company's stock price. The company laid off about 1,000 employees.
May 2012: Michael D. Fraizer resigned as chairman and CEO of Genworth. James S. Riepe named as non-executive chairman.
December 2012: Long-time insurance industry executive Thomas J. McInerney named president and CEO of Genworth.
Dec. 31, 2013: Genworth stock closed at $15.53 after doubling for the year as the company's U.S. mortgage insurance business posted its first annual profit since 2007.
2013-2014: As the mortgage insurance business stabilized, Genworth faced losses in its long-term care insurance business. The company reported a loss of $1.2 billion for 2014 after setting aside hundreds of millions of dollars to cover long-term care insurance costs.
May 2014: Genworth raised $545 million by selling a stake in its Australian mortgage insurer.
March 2, 2015: Genworth reported a material weakness in its accounting for long-term care coverage. Shares fell 5.4% to $7.33.
April 29. 2015: McInerney said he would be open to taking Genworth private if a buyer would be willing and able to accept the risks.
Feb. 4, 2016: Genworth suspended sales of traditional life coverage and fixed annuity products after posting a fourth-quarter loss.
October 2016: Genworth agreed to be acquired by China Oceanwide Holdings Group Ltd., a privately held, family-owned international financial holding company based in Beijing, for $5.43 per share or $2.7 billion.
March 2017: Shareholders of Genworth voted to approve the company's acquisition by China Oceanwide.
2017-2020: The closing of the China Oceanwide deal was delayed multiple times as Genworth sought approval from numerous state insurance regulators and federal regulatory agencies.
June 2018: The Committee on Foreign Investment the United States, or CFIUS, cleared the proposed deal with China Oceanwide. CFIUS is a joint committee of federal government agencies that reviews acquisitions of U.S. firms by foreign entities for national security concerns. As part of its efforts to get the approval, Genworth agreed to use a U.S.-based third-party service provider to manage and protect the data of its U.S. policyholders.
August 2019: After being unable to get approval from Canadian regulators for the China Oceanwide deal, Genworth agreed to sell its Canadian mortgage insurance business to Brookfield Business Partners L.P., a Toronto-based investment firm.
Dec. 12, 2020: Genworth said China's economic management agency - the National Development and Reform Commission, or NDRC - had re-approved the deal. Genworth and China Oceanwide extend the deadline for the deal for a 17th time until Dec. 31 to give China Oceanwide more time to conclude financing.
Jan. 4, 2021: Genworth said the merger has been put on indefinite hold, though both companies said they may still be able to complete a deal. Genworth said it is focusing on pursuing a contingency plan that could include a partial, initial public offering of stock for its U.S. mortgage insurance business.
April 6, 2021: Genworth said it has exercised its right to terminate its merger agreement with China Oceanwide, allowing the company to pursue its revised strategic plan without restrictions and without uncertainty regarding its ultimate ownership.