As ordered reported by the House Committee on Ways and Means on July 13, 2017
H.R. 3168 would permanently authorize insurers to offer special needs plans (SNPs) for institutionalized beneficiaries through the Medicare Advantage program and would extend the authorization for SNPs that enroll certain other beneficiaries until January 1, 2024. The bill also would require the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to issue several reports on SNPs and their enrollees.
CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3168 would increase direct spending by $119 million over the 2017-2027 period. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because enacting the legislation would affect direct spending. H.R. 3168 would not affect revenues.
CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits by more than $5 billion in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods
beginning in 2028.
H.R. 3168 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA).
ESTIMATED COST TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
The estimated budgetary effect of H.R. 3168 is shown in the following table. The costs of this legislation fall primarily within 550 (health).
a. H.R. 3168 also would require the Government Accountability Office to issue several studies about SNPs and their enrollees, which would cost about $2 million 2018-2022 period, assuming availability of appropriated funds.
BASIS OF ESTIMATE
Special needs plans (SNPs) are private health insurance plans in the Medicare Advantage (MA) program that limit enrollment to beneficiaries who require an institutional level of care, have certain chronic conditions, or are enrolled in both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligibles). Under current law, the authority for an MA plan to operate as a SNP will expire
at the end of calendar year 2018.
H.R. 3168 would permanently authorize SNPs for institutionalized beneficiaries and would extend until January 1, 2024, the authorization for SNPs that enroll beneficiaries with certain chronic conditions or that enroll dual eligibles, if certain requirements are met. In particular, SNPs that limit enrollment to dual eligibles (D-SNPs) would be required to establish formal agreements with state Medicaid programs by January 1, 2021, to coordinate the provision of Medicaid-covered long-term services and supports (LTSS) or behavioral health services. Feedback from stakeholders indicates that state Medicaid programs find that D-SNPs offer an attractive option for identifying and contracting with private insurers to provide LTSS. Therefore, CBO expects that authorizing D-SNPs beyond 2018 would increase the number and the scope of managed LTSS programs covered by state Medicaid programs.
Based on analysis of information from stakeholders, CBO concludes that managed LTSS plans enroll a small number of individuals who otherwise would receive informal, nonfederally financed care in the community. Once those individuals are enrolled in a managed LTSS plan, they would receive Medicaid-financed LTSS for the first time.
Compared to current law, CBO estimates that the number of people who would receive Medicaid-financed LTSS under H.R. 3168 would grow over time. That increase would rise to about 1,200 by 2027. CBO estimates that expansion of participation in Medicaid-financed LTSS would increase federal Medicaid outlays by $119 million over the 2017-2027 period. Reauthorizing SNPs would not have a significant effect on Medicare spending, CBO estimates, because Medicare payments to SNPs, on average, are comparable to Medicare's payments to other MA plans or to providers in the
H.R. 3168 also would require GAO to prepare three reports on the MA program, with
particular focus on SNP benefits and enrollees. Based on the scope of the reports and the
cost of similar activities, CBO estimates that implementing those provisions would cost
about $2 million over the 2018-2022 period. Such spending would be subject to the
availability of appropriated funds.
The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 establishes budget-reporting and enforcement
procedures for legislation affecting direct spending or revenues. The net changes in outlays
that are subject to those pay-as-you-go procedures are shown in the following table.
CBO Estimate of Pay-As-You-Go Effects for H.R. 3168 as ordered reported by the House Committee on Ways and Means on July 13, 2017