Households with $5 million-plus in investable assets grabbed over 80% of the COVID market runup, while mass affluent households with $100,000 to under $500,000 declined in number over the same time period, according to a new market sizing report by market research firm Hearts & Wallets.
The Portrait of U.S. Household Wealth: Essential Facts for Sizing Target Markets in an Era of Growing Wealth Concentration analyzes data on consumer households and the assets they control by age, wealth groups and lifestage.
This year’s report features 18-month COVID and seven-year market lookbacks, current status and future age group projections as well as market and design target sizing opportunities.
Nearly 80% of wealth ($53.8 trillion) is held by about 10% of U.S. households with $1M-plus (11.2 million), as of August 2020. While the $29 trillion increase in retail investable assets over the past 7 years was spread across households with $500,000 and up, over 80% of the COVID market runup of $12.7 trillion, ($10.3 trillion) went to households with $5 million-plus.
These assets are heavily concentrated among ages 55 to 74 because most households with $5 million-plus are in this age group. These older, wealthier households control $40.2 trillion of the $68.3 trillion, or nearly two thirds (59%) of all U.S. retail investable assets. The 1% of U.S. households who are older (ages 55 to 74) and wealthy ($5 million-plus) control 32% of all U.S. retail investable assets.
The Portrait report draws from government databases, including the Federal Reserve Financial Accounts of the United States Flow of Funds, U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates and Projections and the Survey of Consumer Finances.
The analysis also uses the Hearts & Wallets Investor Quantitative Database, with over 100 million data points on consumer buying patterns from over 60,000 U.S. households to adjust data from government sources within the report for insights valued by saving, investing and advice executives. The Portrait report is the foundation for Hearts & Wallets’ sizing segments of U.S. retail investors and demand for solutions.
Disappearing Mass Affluent
In 2019, mass affluent wealth groups in the $100,000 to under $500,000 range included 25.3 million households who controlled $7.5 trillion. In 2020, these wealth groups dropped to 21.9 million households with $5.6 trillion, resulting in a one-year decline of 3.6 million households and $1.9 trillion fewer investable assets controlled.
Many households in the mass affluent wealth groups in 2019 moved into higher wealth groups with boosts from saving and equity exposure during the extraordinary COVID market runup. But fewer households in asset groups below the mass affluent moved up to replenish the mass affluent than in prior years. This lack of upward mobility was mainly because these households could not save enough or had little or no exposure to equities.
“Wealth groups often referred to as mass affluent took a major hit over the past 18 months as the COVID market runup polarized wealth concentration in America,” Laura Varas, CEO and founder of Hearts & Wallets said. “Simplified investment solutions could encourage the mass affluent to engage with the capital markets.”
Inheritance Myth And Aging Challenges
Looking ahead, the fastest growing age group is 75-plus. Households in this age group will increase by 40% to 20.8 million in 2030, up from 14.9 million in 2020. By 2030, households age 75-plus will be 15% vs. 12% of all households in 2020.
“A common myth is that inheritances will go from Boomers to Millennials, when the reality is the majority of wealth transition will go from the Silent Generation to their Gen X heirs,” Amber Katris, Hearts & Wallets Subject Matter Expert, said. “Older households and their families can benefit from support to have difficult conversations about finances and from financial solutions to support aging family members.”