Edelman: You are far more passionate and knowledgeable about retirement security issues than any others in the House and Senate. So tell me, where does that passion come from?
Portman: Ric, I've had a strong interest in this ever since I was elected to the House and Senator Cardin and I passed a few bills in this area because we have a passion for it. In my case, I watched my dad. He struck out on his own and started a small business when he was about 40 years old, and he insisted on setting up a profit sharing plan, even though, to be frank with you, he lost money the first few years. But once he started to make a little money, everybody got to benefit from it, and then in the 70s, when he could, he started a 401k plan with a nice match for his employees. And I will tell you, I run into folks today -- In fact I ran into one guy at our weekly Buckeye coffee here in Washington who told me, "You know I've got a nice little nest egg now and a comfortable retirement because of what your dad did." So I've seen it work. I know it makes a difference. These are mostly forklift truck mechanics, people that turned a wrench their entire career, and you know, they were in a position where they probably needed every penny that they got in terms of their paycheck, but they had this nice nest egg that filled up over time. And now they're able to live a comfortable retirement thanks to the savings. So I know it can work and I know it's a good idea for all Americans to have that private retirement savings. So we've got to keep Social Security strong, but also encourage people to save more for their own retirement.
NOTE: The Retirement Security & Savings Act builds on Portman and Cardin's previous success in enacting reforms to enhance the retirement system as members of the House of Representatives in 1996, 2001, and 2006. The bill is supported by the American Benefits Council, AARP, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the Insured Retirement Institute, Fidelity, Nationwide, T. Rowe Price, Vanguard, BlackRock, Empower Retirement, TIAA, the Committee for Annuity Insurers, Transamerica, LPL Financial, Edward Jones, State Street Corporation, Paychex, Church Alliance, the Women's Institute for Secure Retirement (WISER), the International Association of Firefighters, the American Council of Life Insurers, the ERISA Industry Committee, National Association of Fixed Annuities (NAFA), the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, and the National Association of Government Defined Contribution Plan Administrators (NAGDCA). Following includes some of the bill's main highlights:
Allow People Who Have Saved Too Little to Set More Aside for their Retirement
- Establishes a new incentive for employers to offer a more generous automatic enrollment plan and receive a safe harbor from costly retirement plan rules. It provides a tax credit for employers that offer these safe harbor plans starting at six percent of pay in addition to the existing safe harbor at three percent. This gives employers the certainty to offer more generous retirement benefits to their employees.
- Increases the "catch-up" contribution limits from $6,000 to $10,000 for baby boomers (individuals over age 60) with 401(k) plans.
- Helps employees who are struggling to save for retirement and pay off student loan debt. It allows employers to make a matching contribution to the employee's retirement account in the amount of his or her student loan payment.
- Allows employers to make an additional contribution on behalf of employees in a small business SIMPLE retirement plan.
- Indexes to inflation the allowable catch-up contribution to Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs).
Help Small Businesses Offer 401(k)s & Other Retirement Plans
- Increases the current law tax credit for small businesses starting a new retirement plan from $500 to as much as $5,000.
- Provides a small business tax credit for adopting the more generous safe harbor from costly rules.
- Simplifies rules for small businesses, including allowing small businesses to self-correct all inadvertent plan violations under the IRS' Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System ("EPCRS") without paying IRS fees or needing formal submissions to the IRS.
- Simplifies "top-heavy" rules for small business plans to reduce the cost of enrolling new employees.
- Establishes a new three-year, $500 per-year tax credit for small businesses that automatically re-enroll plan participants into the employer plan at least once every three years.
Expand Access to Retirement Savings Plans for Low-Income Americans Without Coverage
- Expands the existing Saver's Credit income thresholds to give more Americans access to increased credit amounts.
- Creates a new "government match" for low-income savers by making the Saver's Credit directly refundable into a retirement account.
- Expands the eligibility of 401(k)s to include part-time workers that complete between 500 and 1,000 hours of service for two consecutive years.
Provide More Certainty & Flexibility During Americans' Retirement Years
- Increases the age for required minimum distributions from age 70.5 to 72 in 2023 and age 75 by 2030, allowing all individuals choosing to work later in life to keep saving for retirement.
- Creates an exception from required minimum distributions for individuals with $100,000 or less in aggregate retirement savings, allowing them to choose to keep saving for retirement at any age.
- Reduces the current penalty for failing to take required minimum distributions from 50 percent of the shortfall amount to 25 percent in most cases, and as low as 10 percent, if you self correct.
- Encourages expanded use of Qualifying Longevity Annuity Contracts (QLACs), retirement plans that provide annual payments to individuals who outlive their life expectancy. QLACs prevent older Americans from outlasting their savings.