Numerous homeowners trying to rebuild are reliant on U.S.
Farmers who were drawn into a legislative battle to get state aid successfully lobbied to overturn Gov.
King tides compounded the damage along the coastline, where waves overran stormwater drainage pipes on the beach, causing flash flooding in beachfront neighborhoods.
The rough surf also ravaged the dunes and stripped away more than 500,000 cubic yards of sand along the Grand Strand, dramatically narrowing some stretches of beach during high tide.
Federal help was secured to begin beach renourishment on the South Strand this year, but bids for the project came in over budget, so the
Where's the money?
The wheels of the federal government turn slowly after natural disasters.
"It's taking longer than we would like it to, but we are fighting every day for the funding we deserve," Lazarus said.
County officials tried to speed up HUD funding and asked to distribute the money on the county level directly to those affected, but were blocked by federal bureaucrats.
The county is also contesting
"I believe we will be successful, the federal government just takes time," Lazarus said. "It doesn't happen overnight. There are still people in
Last year's storm quickly overwhelmed the area's drainage systems, resulting in the third highest crest on record for the
The tourism industry also was severely impacted, due in part to national news coverage of the storm's impact across the entire state. Potential visitors were left with the impression that
The chamber launched an unusual media blitz to counter the misconception, which included daily updated driving directions on how to circumvent closed portions of
"We are experienced in dealing with the impact of tropical storms and hurricanes, telling visitors when we are closed and open for business," Dean said. "But we had not counted on the damage inland that created the perception that we were closed for business, and that you couldn't get to the Grand Strand. It was a challenge to overcome."
While the ongoing bureaucratic struggles still simmer, one year later there's little evidence to the casual observer beyond the fenced sand dunes that the Grand Strand was even impacted by the confluence of extreme weather events.
The long-term flooding actually occurred inland along the banks of the
In contrast, the Grand Strand saw 20 inches of rain in a 48-hour period, which led to flash flooding along numerous streets near the beach, as well as in some areas of
County officials say lessons learned from Hurricane Floyd and tougher stormwater system regulations in 2000 enabled them to more efficiently respond to last year's disaster.
"Our challenge was that there has been a lot more development since Floyd, so we had new areas that were impacted, including
In some locations, including the developments of
When Tropical Storm Hermine struck in early September, the seven to nine inches of rain that fell in a 24-hour period also caused extensive flooding.
"The system is not working the way it should be working," Garigen said.
Officials also are in the process of tweaking the current stormwater regulations to apply lessons learned from both storms.
"We've made amazing progress since the (stormwater) program was created in 2000. At that time we had a lot of flooding problems throughout the county. But we were able to whittle away problems over the years and spent a lot of time and effort to solve problems in older neighborhoods," Garigen said.
"But, with the amount of growth we're experiencing -- we had a lull until two years ago, but things are exploding again development wise -- it's making everyone a little nervous abut the drainage system and how to handle it in the future," Garigen said.
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