The current market leaders could run into some challengers.
April 13--A regional Pennsylvania bank submitted the highest bid at the auction for Baltimore's 1st Mariner Bank in a deal that must still be approved by a federal bankruptcy court judge and banking regulators.
National Penn Bank offered $19.1 million for 1st Mariner at Thursday's auction, topping a competing bid from a group with local ties led by New York-based Priam Capital LLC, according to a filing in the bankruptcy of bank parent First Mariner Bancorp.
A hearing is scheduled for Monday in Baltimore'sU.S. Bankruptcy Court for a judge to rule on the outcome of the auction after hearing any potential objections from creditors of First Mariner.
If it goes through, a sale of 1st Mariner would bring to a close a once-grand Baltimore banking tradition; it is the last locally based bank with more than $1 billion in assets. Its sale would be the latest in a string of acquisitions of Baltimore banks by out-of-state entities in recent years, from Mercantile Bankshares Corp. to Provident Bank to Maryland National Bank.
"You had a number of really significant banks headquartered there," said Bert Ely, a banking consultant based in Alexandria, Va., "and now you have nothing."
First Mariner was founded in 1995 by Edwin F. Hale Sr., a former shipping and trucking executive. He built 1st Mariner Bank as the "hometown" alternative to large out-of-town competitors, putting the bank's name on a downtown arena and recruiting local sports stars, such as Baltimore Ravens quarterback Joe Flacco, to serve as spokesmen.
Still the largest shareholder, Hale resigned as chairman of First Mariner in 2011. He also owns the soccer team the Baltimore Blast.
The bank, meanwhile, struggled with soured residential loans during the housing crisis and was operating under orders from regulators to boost its capital levels.
First Mariner filed Feb. 10 for a Chapter 11 bankruptcy after defaulting on a significant part of the roughly $60 million it owes creditors.
The debt in default is owed by the parent company and not the bank, which is not in bankruptcy. Bank deposits, loans and contracts are not affected.
National Penn Bank, which operates more than 100 branches in Pennsylvania and one in Cecil County, will continue operating 1st Mariner and its 18 Baltimore region branches under the locally known name if the sale is approved, said Michael Hughes, National Penn's chief financial officer.
Hughes said he is optimistic his company's bid to buy the bank will be sealed and consummated before June 30. Once the sale closes, National Penn would begin reinvigorating 1st Mariner franchises throughout Baltimore with a focus on expanding commercial business.
"It's consistent with our business approach: local, decision-making community banking in a very strong market," Hughes said. "We like the First Mariner brand in that market, we like the retail franchise, and we think the opportunity is there to grow that brand at a greater rate."
Monday's hearing on 1st Mariner's sale could prove perfunctory. National Penn's emergence with a competing bid may have eased concerns about a lack of competing bids expressed by creditors.
The official unsecured creditors committee in First Mariner's bankruptcy objected last month to the planned auction because the Priam Capital-led team was the only apparent bidder for the bank, calling the process a "lightning-quick private sale disguised as" an auction. The bankruptcy judge ruled for the auction to proceed.
Priam's investment group included Patriot Financial Partners, GCP Capital Partners and TFO Financial Institutions Restructuring Fund LLC, along with "several prominent members of the Baltimore business community," First Mariner Bancorp said.
Before First Mariner filed for bankruptcy, Priam agreed to pay $4.8 million for the bank at auction and, if it won, infuse the bank with $85 million to $100 million in cash to recapitalize it.
If National Penn's deal stands, Priam will receive a $1 million breakup fee and an expense reimbursement of up to $1,75 million. First Mariner offered Priam the protections as the early bidder.
Howard Feinglass, the Baltimore native who leads Priam, could not be reached for comment Saturday.
Lawrence Yumkas and Robert Schmidt, attorneys for 1st Mariner, did not respond to a request for comment. The company has said it reached out to more than 130 potential investors in marketing itself for sale.
Word of an unidentified second bidder first came in a court filing on Wednesday.
Hughes said National Penn's entry into the auction was consistent with its "acquisition strategy," and 1st Mariner met its two major criteria for banks to target: assets of $500 million or more and a location in a "contiguous market."
"When we looked at the market and the opportunity there and the franchise value, we saw great value and synergy" in 1st Mariner, he said.
The escalation of bids to its winning $19.1 million was a function of a "competitive" auction, he said.
"If you look at these transactions historically, across the country, I don't think that is atypical that the bid comes up substantially," Hughes said.
Ely, the banking consultant, said he wondered why the bid jumped so high from Priam's initial offer. Still, it makes sense if there was intensely competitive bidding war with Priam, Ely said.
"I can see the logic of the geographical expansion," he said. "And what they may have figured is it's going to be a lot cheaper now than when new management comes in and cleans things up and gets things back on track."
National Penn also should be able to come into 1st Mariner and drop expenses by cutting overhead costs immediately, Ely said.
National Penn Bank, headquartered in Allentown, operates 127 offices. It has 124 community banking offices in Pennsylvania and one office in Maryland through National Penn Bank and its HomeTowne Heritage Bank, KNBT and Nittany Bank divisions. It is the primary subsidiary of
National Penn Bancshares.
With the 1st Mariner brand, Hughes said, National Penn would focus on expanding commercial banking and products for local customers. While some "administrative IT functions" would be consolidated, most customers would continue to see familiar 1st Mariner employees in their neighborhood branches, he said, declining to provide specifics about potential job losses.
"What we would bring is a broader array of products, and what we hope to see on the commercial side is the ability to grow the employee base," Hughes said.
First Mariner stock -- which once traded above $20 a share -- closed at 3 cents per share Friday. National Penn closed down slightly, at $10.35.
Baltimore's former titans of banking
In recent years, Maryland has seen many local banks acquired by out-of-state rivals. A little over a decade ago, the state had 139 banks based here, 20 of them separately chartered affiliates of Mercantile-Safe Deposit & Trust Co., according to the Maryland Bankers Association. Here are a few of Baltimore's most prominent banks that have been bought up over past three decades.
Provident Bank (1886-2008)
Provident, based in Baltimore since the late 1800s, had long prided itself on its independence. But the bank struggled during the recession that began in 2008 and decided to sell itself to Buffalo, N.Y.-based M&T Bank despite getting a $151.5 million infusion from the federal Troubled Asset Relief Program. Before merging with M&T, the bank had 142 branches in Maryland, Virginia and southern Pennsylvania. For 25 years, Provident was headquartered in a 1920s-era building on Lexington Street.
Mercantile Bankshares Corp. (1864-2007)
Created as a repository of Southern wealth in 1864, it was a place where executives served their elite clientele quietly and ran their business conservatively. It was a place where vault security rivaled Fort Knox and federal insurance for deposits was considered a sign of banking weakness. The 143 year-old-bank ceased to exist in 2007 when Pittsburgh-based PNC Financial Services Group purchased the bank for $6 billion in cash and stock. The bank was known for philanthropic contributions. In 2005, Mercantile made $5 million in grants and donations to nearly 1,500 community organizations, according to the bank. Major gifts included $1 million to Catholic Charities for a new Our Daily Bread Employment Center and an expanded My Sister's Place, a day program for homeless women and children.
First National Bank of Maryland/Allfirst (1864-2002)
First National Bank of Maryland was established in 1864 and distinguished itself by continuously paying dividends to shareholders, even during the Great Depression. In 1989, Allied Irish Banks, PLC of Dublin, Ireland, purchased First Maryland Bancorp. The transaction marked the first acquisition of a major Maryland bank by a large foreign banking institution. In 1999, after more than a year of planning and test marketing, the company's name changed to Allfirst Financial Inc. But the bank brought down by millions in losses by rogue trader John M. Rusnak in 2002, leading to its eventual sale to Buffalo-based M&T Bank.
Maryland National Bank (1805-1993)
Maryland National Bank, which was long based in the towering skyscraper at 10 Light Street, was bought by NationsBank in 1993 for $1.38 billion. NationsBank was later acquired by Bank of America. When it was sold, it was Baltimore's oldest and largest banking company. MNC Financial, the bank's parent company, was among the state's most powerful business and philanthropic institutions in its mid-1980s prime. MNC Financial had more than 7,500 employees before it was sold.
--The Baltimore Sun
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