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CFR Part: "49 CFR Part 571"
RIN Number: "RIN 2127-AK43"
Citation: "79 FR 19178"
Document Number: "Docket No. NHTSA-2010-0162"
"Rules and Regulations"
SUMMARY: To reduce the risk of devastating backover crashes involving vulnerable populations (including very young children) and to satisfy the mandate of the Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007, NHTSA is issuing this final rule to expand the required field of view for all passenger cars, trucks, multipurpose passenger vehicles, buses, and low-speed vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds. The agency anticipates that today's final rule will significantly reduce backover crashes involving children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, and other pedestrians who currently have the highest risk associated with backover crashes. Specifically, today's final rule specifies an area behind the vehicle which must be visible to the driver when the vehicle is placed into reverse and other related performance requirements. The agency anticipates that, in the near term, vehicle manufacturers will use rearview video systems and in-vehicle visual displays to meet the requirements of this final rule.
EFFECTIVE DATE: Effective Date: This rule is effective
Compliance Date: Compliance is required, in accordance with the phase-in schedule, beginning on
Petitions for reconsideration: Petitions for reconsideration of this final rule must be received not later than
Incorporation by Reference: The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the standard is approved by the Director of the
ADDRESSES: Petitions for reconsideration of this final rule must refer to the docket and notice number set forth above and be submitted to the Administrator,
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
For technical issues: Mr.
For legal issues: Mr.
The mailing address for these officials is:
Table of Contents
I. Executive Summary
II. Background and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
a. Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act and National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act
b. Safety Problem
c. Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
d. Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
e. Summary of Comments on the NPRM
f. Public Hearing and Workshop
g. Additional 2012 Research
h. Additional SCI Case Analysis
i. Updates to NCAP
III. Final Rule and Response to Comments
a. Summary of the Final Rule
c. Alternative Countermeasures
d. Field of View
e. Image Size
f. Test Procedure
g. Linger Time, Deactivation, and Backing Event
h. Image Response Time
i. Display Luminance
j. Durability Testing
l. Remaining Issues
m. Effective Date
IV. Estimated Costs and Benefits
a. System Effectiveness
d. Market Adoption Rate
e. Net Impact
f. Cost Effectiveness and Regulatory Alternatives
V. Regulatory Analyses
VI. Regulatory Text
I. Executive Summary
The Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007 ("K.T. Safety Act" or "the Act") directs this agency to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 111 /1/ "to expand the required field of view to enable the driver of a motor vehicle to detect areas behind the motor vehicle to reduce death and injury resulting from backing incidents, particularly incidents involving small children and disabled persons." /2/ In other words, the K.T. Safety Act requires that this agency conduct a rulemaking to amend FMVSS No. 111 in a manner so as to address a safety risk identified by